Melanochelys trijuga (Schweigger, 1812) - Indian Black Turtle

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Taxonomic Information

 

Conservation and Special status

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Melanochelys trijuga - Indian Black Turtle


Type Locality: Insula Java (Indonesia)
Common, known to be distributed in Southern, Central and North-eastern India (Ahmed et al., 2020). It has six subspecies: trijuga (distributed in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu), coronata (distributed in Kerala), edeniana (distributed in Myanmar and Yunnan), indopeninsularis (distributed in northern and north-eastern India, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal), parkeri (Sri Lanka), thermalis (distributed in Sri Lanka and Maldives).

Conservation Status:

 

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


This is a semi-aquatic species, which can be found in man-made ponds, water bodies with aquatic vegetation, agro-wells, rivers and flowing water (Ahmed et al., 2020). Though the species is well adaptable species, but a decline in its population has been observed due to poaching for consumption, egg collection, pet trade and accidental or deliberate fires are known threats to the species (Ahmed et al., 2020). 

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa11
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka12
Kerala1121121
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra21
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu1
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total1111511223

Other Notes

 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Melanochelys trijuga (Schweigger, 1812) – Indian Black Turtle. In Kamdar, A. and K. Kunte. (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. v.1.26. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.indianreptiles.org/melanochelys-trijuga, accessed 2024/05/25.