Gavialis gangeticus (Gmelin,1789) - Gharial

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Gavialis gangeticus - Gharial


Type Locality: Senegal and Ganges
Common, known to be distributed in main rivers and tributaries of Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra and also resides in Mahanadi-Brahmini system, Godavari-Indravati systems, Chambal river and Girwa river (Lang et al., 2019).

Conservation Status:


This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


The species is a river dweller, shows seasonal migration and social hierarchies (Lang et al., 2019). There are certain threats for the species and its habitat, which decreases the quality of the population and its habitat, threats are listed such as dam construction, irrigation, river interlinking, fishing nets, sand mining and boulder collection, exotic fish species and illegal trading (Lang et al., 2019). 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh1
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total1

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Gavialis gangeticus (Gmelin,1789) – Gharial. In Kamdar, A. and K. Kunte. (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. v.1.26. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.indianreptiles.org/gavialis-gangeticus, accessed 2024/02/29.