Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) - Mugger Crocodile

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Type Locality: India mainland
Common, known to be found throughout India, except Trans-Himalayas (Choudhury and de Silva, 2013).

Conservation Status:

 

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


The species can be found in freshwater habitats, such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs, hills streams, ponds and man-made tanks, and sometimes in coastal saltwater lagoons too (Choudhury and de Silva, 2013). In India, there are many human-mugger conflict cases reported (Choudhury and de Silva, 2013). In the last 75 years, there is a past 30% population decline of Muggers, which is caused by habitat destruction, rampant fishing, egg predations by human and dogs, illegal poaching for skin and meat consumption (Choudhury and de Silva, 2013).

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat1111
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka36311
Kerala1
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh1
Maharashtra21
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan13
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu1
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total37114113115

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) – Mugger Crocodile. In Kamdar, A. and K. Kunte. (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. v.1.26. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.indianreptiles.org/crocodylus-palustris, accessed 2024/02/29.