Craspedocephalus macrolepis Beddome, 1862 - Large-scaled Pit Viper

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Craspedocephalus macrolepis - Large-scaled Pit Viper


Type Locality: Annamalai Hills (Tamil Nadu)
Rare, known to be endemic to southern Western Ghats, especially Annamalai hills (Tamil Nadu), Palni hills (Kerala), and Agasthyamalai hills (Kerala) (Srinivasulu et al., 2013).

Conservation Status:

 

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


The species occurs in semi-evergreen hill forests, shola patches, tea, cardamom and coffee plantations (Srinivasulu et al., 2013). Large-scaled Pit Viper has density of one individual per 2km(Ganesh et al., 2010). Killing by people (during encounters) and road-killing are major threats to the species (Srinivasulu et al., 2013).

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala2315
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu1
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total23115

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Craspedocephalus macrolepis Beddome, 1862 – Large-scaled Pit Viper. In Kamdar, A. and K. Kunte. (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. v.1.26. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.indianreptiles.org/craspedocephalus-macrolepis, accessed 2024/02/29.